RESOLVE is pleased to announce the completion of the selection process for the 2015 – 2016 civil society organization (CSO) observers to the committees and subcommittees of the Climate Investment Funds.
* Denotes pilot country
1 The original PPCR Developed Country candidate declined the observer position. WEDO, originally selected for the CTF Developed Country observer seat, volunteered to fill the open PPCR Observer seat, a position they previously held. Upon RESOLVE’s invitation, Transparency International then agreed to fill the CTF Developed Country seat.
2 Indicates that balance criteria was applied to this seat (see process description below)
3 Drawing upon Community Based Organization (CBO) applicants within the existing pool of shortlisted candidates, RESOLVE and the Advisory Committee selected FECOFUN for the PPCR Community Observer seat.
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW
In 2009, the Climate Investment Fund Trust Fund Committees (CIFs) approved a set of guidelines designed to promote civil society organization (CSOs) engagement in the funds, and agreed to allocate observer seats to members of CSOs. The CIFs then invited RESOLVE, a third-party neutral organization, to design and manage the selection process for nonprofit CSO observers. To design such a process, RESOLVE relied upon fundamental principles of public participation and the guidance of well-respected CSO members. Given the international scope of this process and the widely dispersed group of stakeholders, the RESOLVE team felt it was important to emphasize both the principles of balanced representation and an open process that maximized participation. Our objective was to create a selection process that stakeholders would perceive as fair with a legitimate result, in which they had the opportunity to participate. RESOLVE led selection processes for CSO observers to the CIFs in 2009-2010 and 2011-2012, and again in 2014 for the selection of the 2015-2016 CSO observers. This third selection process for CSO observers to the Climate Investment Funds was launched in August 2014.
The CIFs are a pair of funds – the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) and the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF) – aimed at helping developing countries pilot low-emissions and climate-resilient development. Each fund is governed by a trust fund committee with equal representation from contributor and recipient countries. The CTF trust fund committee oversees the fund’s operations, provides strategic direction, and approves and oversees programming and projects. The SCF trust fund committee advises on strategic direction for three targeted programs: (1) the Forest Investment Program (FIP), (2) the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), and (3) the Scaling up Renewable Energy Program (SREP). Each of these programs is governed by its own subcommittee. The funds are channeled through five multilateral development banks (MDBs): the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank Group. Representatives from the Global Environment Facility, the United Nations Environment Program, the United Nations Development Program, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, civil society, indigenous peoples’ groups, and the private sector are invited to select representatives to participate as active observers in meetings of the CTF Trust Fund Committee and the three subcommittees of the SCF (FIP, PPCR and SREP). According to the 2009 Guidelines for Inviting Representatives of Civil Society to Observe Meetings of the CIF Trust Fund Committees, CIF observers may:
- Request the floor to speak during committee discussions
- Request that CIF committee co-chairs add items to the provisional agenda
- Recommend external experts to speak on a specific agenda item
CSO observers have the following responsibilities:
- Preparing for meetings and gathering input from members of their organization/networks/community on issues scheduled to be discussed at CIF meetings
- Taking into account the concerns of the larger civil society community in their region (not only their own organizations/networks/communities)
- Sharing information and lessons from the meetings with the larger civil society community to whom they are accountable
Observer positions are volunteer (unpaid) positions. Travel costs for representatives from developing countries to attend CIF committee meetings may be covered by the budget of the CIF Administrative Unit upon request. Travel costs for developed country observers are covered by the observer organizations.
The selection process for the 2014-2015 CIF CSO observers organized by RESOLVE consisted of the following components:
- Solicitation for applications to the observer seats. This included an outreach process and global call for applications to civil society organizations in developing and developed countries. Over a 6-week period, a total of 155 applications were received for the 2015-2016 observer seats.
- Identification and recruitment of an Advisory Committee comprised of independent organizations and individuals whose expertise includes issues of climate change mitigation and adaptation, and who were not candidates for the observer seats.
- An initial screening of all applicants against the revised CSO Observer Criteria, ranking the applicants against the criteria, and – based on the rankings – developing a suggested list of qualified applicants for further review by Advisory Committee members.
- Evaluation of the candidates by Advisory Committee members according to the criteria. The detailed screening of those applicants by Advisory Committee members involved:
- Reviewing the information provided by the applicants;
- Interviewing their preferred candidates for each observer seat;
- Ranking those preferred candidates based on their applications and interview responses; and
- Providing RESOLVE with a suggested shortlist of candidates to include on the ballot for a global vote.
- Publication of the shortlist of candidates on RESOLVE’s project website and invitation to civil society members to vote on candidates from their region, which involved:
- The design and preparation of an electronic pre-registration and balloting process.
- A verification process to identify and eliminate invalid or fraudulent registrations and votes, and final valid vote count. This process ensured ballot security to enable the identification of any irregularities. During the process 462 qualified individuals from over 60 different countries registered to vote, and 289 individuals voted for their preferred CSO candidates from their region over a 3-week period.
- Tabulation and verification of the voting results and a final selection process. During the final selection process, RESOLVE reviewed the voting results and applied the criteria for achieving balance on each of the CIF committees. As stated in the CSO Observer Criteria and other informational materials, the balance considerations (which were previously developed in consultation with CSO representatives), included the following:
- Special effort will be made to achieve a balance among think-tanks, advocacy organizations, community-based organizations, and aid organizations.
- Special effort will be made to recruit and select observer organizations that are represented by women and/or that focus on women’s involvement in addressing the challenges of climate change.
- Preference should be given to candidates whose organizations are based in CIF pilot countries, and CSO observer representation on the committees should be distributed as evenly as possible among the CIF regions.
For the 2015-2016 CSO observer selection process, RESOLVE identified a balance issue related to the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Africa/Middle East seat, noting that selecting the candidates with the most votes for each region would not result in adequate pilot country representation on the subcommittee. To address this issue, RESOLVE consulted with the Advisory Committee and decided to select Jeunes Volontaires pour l’Environnement for the PPCR Middle East/Africa seat because the organization is a well-qualified CSO representing a PPCR pilot country, Niger. Throughout the selection process, RESOLVE made every effort to respect the voting results while also meeting the established observer criteria
- Confirmation of observer selections. Following the final selection process, RESOLVE notified successful candidates of their selection as a CSO observer to the CIFs. One selected organization informed RESOLVE they would be unable to serve as observer. The Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), originally shortlisted and selected for the CTF Developed Country observer seat, indicated they would be willing to fill the open PPCR Observer seat, a position they previously held. Upon RESOLVE’s invitation, Transparency International then agreed to fill the CTF Developed Country seat.
- Publication of the results. RESOLVE made the list of selected observers public via notifications to relevant contacts, listservs, and network organizations.
The RESOLVE team would like to thank the CSOs who participated in this process for their time and thoughtful comments throughout the application and selection phases. RESOLVE made every effort to ensure that the selection process was inclusive, transparent and responsive to the diversity of CSO interests from around the world. In addition, RESOLVE worked closely with the CIF Administrative Unit to clarify and address concerns as they arose, and to incorporate the Administrative Unit’s input while still maintaining an independent and impartial selection process.